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Adjunct Faculty

Brandon Kohrt

Adjunct Associate Professor

(919) 681-7516

Brandon Kohrt


Brandon Kohrt conducts global mental health research focusing on populations affected by war-related trauma and chronic stressors of poverty, discrimination, and lack of access to healthcare and education. He has worked in Nepal for 16 years using a biocultural developmental perspective integrating epidemiology, cultural anthropology, ethnopsychology, and neuroendocrinology. Since 2000, he has conducted a prospective study of adults in rural Nepal examining the effects of political trauma, ethnic discrimination, gender-based violence, and poverty on mental health. With Transcultural Psychosocial Organization (TPO) Nepal, he designed and evaluated psychosocial reintegration packages for child soldiers in Nepal.

He works with The Carter Center Mental Health Liberia Program (Watch video: developing anti-stigma campaigns and family psychoeducation programs. He directs the anti-stigma program of the Mental Health Beyond Facilities program in Liberia, Uganda, and Nepal. He co-founded the Atlanta Asylum Network for Torture Survivors. In 2009, he started a mental health clinic for Bhutanese refugees. Dr. Kohrt has contributed to numerous documentary films including Returned: Child Soldiers of Nepal's Maoist Army.


Recent Publications

Kohrt BA, Bourey C: Title: Culture and Comorbidity: Intimate Partner Violence as a Common Risk Factor for Maternal Mental Illness and Reproductive Health Problems among Former Child Soldiers in Nepal. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 2016. View

Tsai AC, Kohrt BA, Matthews LT, Betancourt TS, Lee JK, Papachristos AV, Weiser SD, Dworkin SL: Promises and pitfalls of data sharing in qualitative research. Social science & medicine (1982) 2016. View

Kohrt BA, Mendenhall E, Brown PJ: How anthropological theory and methods can advance global mental health. The Lancet Psychiatry 2016, 3(5):396-398. View

Mendenhall E, Yarris K, Kohrt BA: Utilization of Standardized Mental Health Assessments in Anthropological Research: Possibilities and Pitfalls. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 2016. View

Burkey MD, Ghimire L, Adhikari RP, Kohrt BA, Jordans MJD, Haroz E, Wissow LS: Development process of an assessment tool for disruptive behavior problems in cross-cultural settings: the Disruptive Behavior International Scale%u2014Nepal version (DBIS-N). International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 2016. View

Kohrt BA, Yang M, Rai S, Bhardwaj A, Tol WA, Jordans MJ: Recruitment of child soldiers in Nepal: Mental health status and risk factors for voluntary participation of youth in armed groups. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 2016, 22(3):208-216. View

Kohrt BA, Worthman CM, Adhikari RP, Luitel NP, Arevalo JM, Ma J, McCreath H, Seeman TE, Crimmins EM, Cole SW: Psychological resilience and the gene regulatory impact of posttraumatic stress in Nepali child soldiers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2016, 113(29):8156-8161. View

Hagaman AK, Maharjan U, Kohrt BA: Suicide surveillance and health systems in Nepal: a qualitative and social network analysis. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2016, 10:46. View

Kohrt BA, Marienfeld CB, Panter-Brick C, Tsai AC, Wainberg ML: Global Mental Health: Five Areas for Value-Driven Training Innovation. Academic Psychiatry 2016, 40(4):650-658. View

Griffith JL, Kohrt B, Dyer A, Polatin P, Morse M, Jabr S, Abdeen S, Gaby LM, Jindal A, Khin EK: Training Psychiatrists for Global Mental Health: Cultural Psychiatry, Collaborative Inquiry, and Ethics of Alterity. Academic Psychiatry 2016, 40(4):701-706. View

Burkey MD, Ghimire L, Adhikari RP, Wissow LS, Jordans MJ, Kohrt BA: The ecocultural context and child behavior problems: A qualitative analysis in rural Nepal. Social Science & Medicine 2016, 159:73-82. View

Kohrt BA, Luitel NP, Acharya P, Jordans MJ: Detection of depression in low resource settings: validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and cultural concepts of distress in Nepal. BMC Psychiatry 2016, 16:58. View

Wagenaar BH, Cumbe V, Raunig-Berho M, Rao D, Kohrt BA, Stergachis A, Napua M, Sherr K: Outpatient Mental Health Services in Mozambique: Use and Treatments. Psychiatric Services. 2016, 67(6):588-590. View

Kohrt BA, Mendenhall E, editors. Global Mental Health: Anthropological Perspectives. Routledge Press. 2015 View

Kohrt, B. A. (2015). The Role of Traditional Rituals for Reintegration and Psychosocial Wellbeing of Child Soldiers in Nepal. In A. L. Hinton & D. E. Hinton (Eds.), Genocide and Mass Violence: Memory, Symptom, and Recovery (pp. 369-387): Cambridge University Press.

Kohrt, B.A., Rai, S., Maharjan, S.M., 2015. Child Soldiers. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 3. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 430-438.

Kohrt, B. A., & Griffith, J. L. (2015). Global Mental Health Praxis: Perspectives from Cultural Psychiatry on Research and Intervention In L. J. Kirmayer, R Lemelson, C Cummings (Eds.), Re-Visioning Psychiatry. New York: Cambridge.

Kohrt BA, Ramaiya MK, Rai S, Bhardwaj A, Jordans MJD. 2015. Development of a scoring system for non-specialist ratings of clinical competence in global mental health: A qualitative process evaluation of the Enhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic Factors (ENACT) scale. Global Mental Health. 2, e23. View

Kaiser BN, Haroz EE, Kohrt BA, Bolton PA, Bass JK, Hinton DE. "Thinking too much": A Systematic review of a common idiom of distress. Social Science & Medicine. View

Kohrt, B. A., Burkey, M., Stuart, E. A., & Koirala, S. 2015. Alternative approaches for studying humanitarian interventions: propensity score methods to evaluate reintegration packages impact on depression, PTSD, and function impairment among child soldiers in Nepal. Global Mental Health, 2. View

Kaiser BN, Keys HM, Foster J, Kohrt BA. 2015 Social stressors, social support, and mental health among Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 38(2):157-162.

Kaiser BN, Kohrt BA, Keys HM, Khoury NM, Hagaman AK, McLean KE, Wagenaar BH, Kramer M (2015). Scale properties of the Kreyòl Distress Idioms (KDI) screener: Association of an ethnographically-developed instrument with depression, anxiety, and sociocultural risk factors in rural Haiti. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. View

Griffith, J. L., & Kohrt, B. A. (2015). Managing Stigma Effectively: What Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience Can Teach Us. Academic Psychiatry. View

Adhikari R, Upadhaya N, Gurung D, Luitel N, Burkey M, Kohrt B, Jordans MD: Perceived behavioral problems of school aged children in rural Nepal: a qualitative study. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 2015, 9(1):1-9. View

Landry, M. D., Raman, S. R., & Kohrt, B. A. (2015). Disability as an Emerging Public Health Crisis in Postearthquake Nepal. American Journal of Public Health, e1-e3. View

MacFarlane EK, Shakya R, Berry HL, Kohrt BA. 2015. Implications of participatory methods to address mental health needs associated with climate change: 'photovoice' in Nepal. BJPsych International. 12(2): 33-35. View

de Jong, J. V. M., Berckmoes, L., Kohrt, B., Song, S., Tol, W., & Reis, R. (2015). A Public Health Approach to Address the Mental Health Burden of Youth in Situations of Political Violence and Humanitarian Emergencies. Current Psychiatry Reports, 17(7), 1-10. View

Burkey, M. D., Hosein, M., Purgato, M., Adi, A., Morton, I., Kohrt, B. A., & Tol, W. A. (2015). Psychosocial interventions for disruptive behavioural problems in children living in low- and middle-income countries: study protocol of a systematic review. BMJ Open, 5(5). View

Kohrt, B. A., Jordans, M. J. D., Rai, S., Shrestha, P., Luitel, N. P., Ramaiya, M K, Singla, D R. Patel, V. (2015). Therapist Competence in Global Mental Health: Development of the Enhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic Factors (ENACT) Rating Scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 69, 11-21. View

McLean KE, Kaiser BN, Hagaman AK, Wagenaar BH, Therosme T, Kohrt BA (2015). Task sharing in rural Haiti: Qualitative assessment of a brief, structured training with and without apprenticeship supervision for community health workers. View

Kohrt, B. A., Worthman, C. M., Ressler, K. J., Mercer, K. B., Upadhaya, N., Koirala, S., Nepal MK, Sharma VD, Binder, E. B. (2015). Cross-cultural gene-environment interactions in depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and the cortisol awakening response: FKBP5 polymorphisms and childhood trauma in South Asia. International Review of Psychiatry. View

Neupane, D., Panthi, B., McLachlan, C. S., Mishra, S. R., Kohrt, B. A., & Kallestrup, P. (2015). Prevalence of Undiagnosed Depression among Persons with Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Nepal. PLoS ONE, 10(2). View

Global Mental Health: Anthropological Perspectives View

Designing mental health interventions informed by child development and human biology theory: A social ecology intervention for child soldiers in Nepal View

Adapting the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Model of Police-Mental Health Collaboration in a Low-Income, Post-Conflict Country: Curriculum Development in Liberia, West Africa View

Accuracy of pro-active case finding for mental disorders by community informants in Nepal View

Mental health: psychiatric medicine

Child maltreatment and global health: Biocultural perspectives


Cultural concepts of distress and psychiatric disorders: literature review and research recommendations for global mental health epidemiology

Barriers to sexual and reproductive health care among widows in Nepal View

Child abuse, disruptive behavior disorders, depression, and salivary cortisol levels among institutionalized and community-residing boys in Mongolia View

Perceived discrimination, humiliation, and mental health: a mixed-methods study among Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic View

Authorship in Global Mental Health Research: Recommendations for Collaborative Approaches to Writing and Publishing View

Reflechi twop--thinking too much: description of a cultural syndrome in Haiti's Central Plateau View

Protective and risk factors of psychosocial wellbeing related to the reintegration of former child soldiers in Nepal View

The role of mental health and psychosocial support nongovernmental organizations: Reflections from post-conflict Nepal View

Kaiser, BN, Kohrt, BA, Keys, HM, Khoury, NM, & Brewster, A-RT. (2013) Strategies for assessing mental health in Haiti: Local instrument development and transcultural translation. Transcultural Psychiatry, 50(4), pp. 532-558. View

Niraula K, Kohrt BA, Flora MS, Thapa N, Mumu SJ, Pathak R, Pederson B, Ghimire P, Regmi B, MacFarlane EK, Shrestha R. (2013) Prevalence of depression and associated risk factors among persons with type-2 diabetes mellitus without a prior psychiatric history: a cross-sectional study in clinical settings in urban Nepal. BMC Psychiatry, 13, e309. View

Aggarwal NK, Kohrt BA. Beyond morality: realpolitik medical diplomacy and regional centers of excellence in global mental health. Community Mental Health Journal. 2013. View

Kohrt B. Social ecology interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: what can we learn from child soldiers? British Journal of Psychiatry. 2013; 203:165-167. View

Luitel, N. P., Jordans, M. J., Sapkota, R. P., Tol, W. A., Kohrt, B. A., Thapa, S. B., . . . Sharma, B. (2013). Conflict and mental health: a cross-sectional epidemiological study in Nepal. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48(2), 183-193. doi:

Betancourt, T. S., Borisova, I., Williams, T. P., Meyers-Ohki, S. E., Rubin-Smith, J. E., Annan, J., & Kohrt, B. A. (2013). Research Review: Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers - a systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(1), 17-36. View

Hagaman, A. K., Wagenaar, B. H., McLean, K. E., Kaiser, B. N., Winskell, K., & Kohrt, B. A. (2013). Suicide in rural Haiti: Clinical and community perceptions of prevalence, etiology, and prevention. Social Science & Medicine, 83(1), 61-69. View

Kumar, G. S., Varma, S., Saenger, M. S., Burleson, M., Kohrt, B. A., & Cantey, P. (2013). Noninfectious Disease Among the Bhutanese Refugee Population at a United States Urban Clinic. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. View

Bradley H. Wagenaar, Brandon A. Kohrt, Ashley K. Hagaman, Kristen E. McLean, Bonnie N. Kaiser. 2013. Determinants of Care Seeking for Mental Health Problems in Rural Haiti: Culture, Cost, or Competency Psychiatric Services, 64 (4), 366-372. doi:10.1176/

Khoury N. Kaiser BN. Keys H. Brewster A. Kohrt BA. 2012. Explanatory models and mental health treatment: Is Vodou an obstacle to psychiatric treatment in rural Haiti? Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry. 36(3): 514-534. Doi:10.1007/s11013-012-9270-2

Keys H. Kaiser BN. Kohrt BA. Khoury N. Brewster A. 2012. Idioms of distress, ethnopsychology, and the clinical encounter in Haiti's Central Plateau. Social Science & Medicine. 75 (3), 555-564. Doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.03.040

Kohrt BA, Maharjan SM, Timsina D, Griffith JL. 2012. Applying Nepali Ethnopsychology to Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Mental Illness and Prevention of Suicide among Bhutanese Refugees. Annals of Anthropological Practice. 36 (1): 88-112.

Wagenaar BH, Hagaman AK, Kaiser BN, McLean KE, Kohrt BA. 2012. Depression, suicidal ideation, and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in rural Haiti. BMC Psychiatry, 12:149. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-149

Kohrt BA, Hruschka DJ, Worthman, CM Kunz RD, Baldwin JL, Upadhaya N, Acharya NR, Thapa S, Tol WA, Jordans MJD, Robkin N, Sharma VD, Nepal MK. 2012. Political Violence and Mental Health in Nepal: Prospective Study. British Journal of Psychiatry. 201(4), 268-275. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.111.096222

Jordans, M. J. D., Komproe, I. H., Tol, W. A., Ndayisaba, A., Nisabwe, T., & Kohrt, B. A. (2012). Reintegration of child soldiers in Burundi: a tracer study. BMC Public Health, 12, 905. doi:

Kohrt BA, Jordans MJD, Tol WA, Luitel NP, Maharjan SM, Upadhaya N. 2011. Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal. BMC Psychiatry, 11:127. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-127.

Tol, WA, Kohrt BA, Jordans MJD., Thapa SB, Pettigrew J, Upadhaya N, & de Jong JTVM. 2010. Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal. Social Science & Medicine, 70(1), 35-44.

Jordans MJD, Komproe IH, Tol WA, Kohrt BA, Luitel NP, Macy RD, & de Jong JTVM. 2010. Evaluation of a classroom-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected Nepal: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 51(7), 818-826.

Kohrt BA, Hruschka DJ. 2010. Nepali Concepts of Psychological Trauma: The Role of Idioms of Distress, Ethnopsychology, and Ethnophysiology in Alleviating Suffering and Preventing Stigma. Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry, 34(2), 322-352.

Maes KC, Kohrt BA, Closser S. 2010. Culture, status and context in community health worker pay: Pitfalls and opportunities for policy research. A commentary on Glenton et al. Social Science & Medicine, 71(8), 1375-8.

Kohrt BA, Jordans MJD, Tol WA, Perera E, Karki R, Koirala S, Upadhaya N. 2010. Social Ecology of Child Soldiers: Child, Family, and Regional Determinants of Mental Health, Psychosocial Wellbeing, and Reintegration in Nepal. Transcultural Psychiatry, 47(5), 727-753.

Kohrt BA, Jordans MJD, Tol WA, Speckman RA, Maharjan SM, et al. 2008. Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in Nepal. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 300(6):691-702

Kohrt BA, Harper I. 2008. Navigating diagnoses: understanding mind-body relations, mental health, and stigma in Nepal. Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry 32(4):462-91